WORK OF MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS OF VINNITSA REGION IN THE FIELD OF MATERNITY AND CHILDHOOD PROTECTION IN THE FIRST POSTWAR YEARS

Keywords: medicine, health, childhood, motherhood, Vinnytsia region, institution, morbidity

Abstract

In the article the peculiarities of activity of medical institutions of Vinnitsa region in the field of maternity and childhood protection are analyzed on the basis of the analysis of the complex of sources and literature. First of all, it is concluded that the work of Vinnitsa region's medical institutions in the post-war period was characterized not only by the improvement of quality of medical care, but also by the search for new forms and methods of work, which eventually led to positive changes in the activity of these institutions. The most important of these changes include the merger of hospitals and polyclinics and the transformation of a large proportion of rural outpatient units into hospitals, the creation of regional hospitals, the introduction of new accounting and reporting documents, etc. Along with achievements. In the article a significant place is given and consideration of the main problems faced by the population of Vinnitsa region in the medical field of the postwar period. Among them, there is a significant increase in sexually transmitted diseases, which resulted from the temporary occupation of the territory of Ukraine by Nazi invaders, as well as the absence or insufficient number of obstetric centers and maternity facilities in the rural area; the lack of attention by the Soviet authorities to the creation of nurseries and children's hospitals; formalism and irresponsible attitude towards solving these problems by local officials.

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Author Biography

Tetiana Shkolnikova

PhD student of the Department of History and Culture of Ukraine skolnikovatetana@gmail.com                                                                                  http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7207-9593                                                        Researcher ID: H-6078-2067
Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University,
32, Ostrozkogo street,
Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21000

Published
2019-07-10
How to Cite
Shkolnikova, T. (2019). WORK OF MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS OF VINNITSA REGION IN THE FIELD OF MATERNITY AND CHILDHOOD PROTECTION IN THE FIRST POSTWAR YEARS. Scientific Notes on Ukrainian History, (46), 182-187. https://doi.org/10.31470/2415-3567-2019-46-182-187
Section
PART ІІ. HISTORIOGRAPHY ANDSOURCE STUDYING. HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY