PRINCE OF PEREIASLAV MYKHAILO VSEVOLODOVYCH: GLORIOUS DEATH AFTER AN UNHOLY LIFE

Keywords: Mykhailo Vsevolodovych, Pereiaslav prince, Pereiaslavl of Rus’, Kyiv, Novgorod, Chernihiv, Vsevolod Svyatoslavych, holy

Abstract

The article attempts to analyze the life path of one of the princes, who occupied the princely table of Pereiaslavl of Rus’ in the beginning of the XIII century. It was Mykhailo Vsevolodovych, one of the sons of Chernihiv prince Vsevolod Svyatoslavych. He began his career as a prince from Pereiaslavl of Rus’ in 1206. This was the result of the victory of his father in the struggle for the throne of Kyiv and the expulsion from Pereiaslavl of Rus’ prince Yaroslav Vsevolodovych. The most probable date of birth of Mykhailo Vsevolodovych should be considered 1188– 1189 years. In 1223, Mykhailo Vsevolodovych, together with other southern princes, consulted in Kyiv about the first appearance of the Mongol-Tatars near the southern borders of Rus’. Then he took part in the battle at Kalka, after which he took the Chernihiv table. Mykhailo Vsevolodovych, like many other princes, had a difficult relationship with Novgorod. His first reign in Novgorod initially went well, but in 1225 he unexpectedly decided to return to Chernihiv. Obviously, he made this step in agreement with Volodymyr-Suzdal Prince Yuri Vsevolodovych. For the second time Mykhailo Vsevolodovych took the Novgorod table in 1228, immediately starting a series of reforms and changes in Novgorod. He made changes in the Novgorod administration – he changed the posadnik. Archbishop Arseny of Novgorod also lost his archbishopric chair. Originally returned to his place by the former Archbishop Anthony, but due to his infirmity, he could not perform his duties. The deacon of the church of St. George Spyrydon became the new archbishop of Novgorod. Mykhailo Vsevolodovych left his remarkable mark in history, becoming one of the few princes of Rus’ – martyrs for the faith of the period of the Mongol invasion. Sources say that Mykhailo Vsevolodovych refused to fulfill the pagan rite of purification by fire. His death is one of the rare deaths from the hands of the Tatars through religious beliefs. The more significant reasons for his assassination were the destruction of Tatar ambassadors in Kyiv and the attempt to organize an anti-Tatar coalition in the West. Thus, the former Pereiaslavl Prince Mykhailo Vsevolodovych for his life was not able to gain the glory of his famous predecessors at the princely table of Pereiaslavl of Rus’ – Vsevolod

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Author Biographies

Olena Kolybenko

Candidate of Historical Sciences, assistant
professor of Department
of History and Culture of Ukraine
olenkakolybenko@gmail.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4009-5417
Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii
Skovoroda State Pedagogical University,
30, Sukhomlynsky Str., PereiaslavKhmelnytskyi,Kyiv region,
Ukraine,
08401

Oleksandr Kolybenko

Candidate of Historical Sciences, professor,
Scientific work Deputy of the General Director
kolybenko@gmail.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8616-9074
National Historical and Ethnographic
Reserve «Pereiaslav»
8, Shevchenka Str.,
Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi,
Kyiv region, Ukraine, 08400

Published
2019-07-10
How to Cite
Kolybenko, O., & Kolybenko, O. (2019). PRINCE OF PEREIASLAV MYKHAILO VSEVOLODOVYCH: GLORIOUS DEATH AFTER AN UNHOLY LIFE. Scientific Notes on Ukrainian History, (45), 5-17. https://doi.org/10.31470/2415-3567-2019-45-5-17
Section
PART І. HISTORY OF UKRAINE