Contribution of Kharkiv’s institute of hygiene labour and professional illness in the industrial toxicology researches in the 1923-1941 years.

  • Lydia Tovkun
Keywords: Kharkiv’s institute of hygiene labour and professional illness, industrial toxicology, intoxications, benzene, mercury, azote, ultraviolet radiation

Abstract

In the article on the basis of the scientifi c literature analyzed of the activity of Kharkiv’s institute of hygiene labour and professional illness in regard to decide of the problems of industrial toxicology in Ukraine during the 1923-1941 years. The main methodological principles of the article are fundamentals of historism, objectiveness and system analysis of facts, events. It was found that as a result of researches scientists of Kharkiv’s institute of hygiene labour and professional illness for 1923-1941 years, its included a number of industries nitro and amino-products of benzene were developed recommendations for the design of chemical manufactories and chemical equipments, chemical equipment and designing principal ventilation equipment, allowing completely eliminate poisoning in the factory. The infl uence of ultraviolet radiation on the body functions and on the fl ow of various intoxications is studied in it. Because of the research results of industrial toxicology was necessary in theresearches ofthe toxic properties of the environment. Results of institute’s researches considered in developing sanitary standards (by SBSG 90014-39 from 1939 year) and the rules of work with noxious chemical products, and to provide of scientifi cally based recommendations from ensure of safe working conditions.

References

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Published
2017-09-02
How to Cite
Tovkun, L. (2017). Contribution of Kharkiv’s institute of hygiene labour and professional illness in the industrial toxicology researches in the 1923-1941 years. Scientific Notes on Ukrainian History, (36), 162-167. Retrieved from https://snouh.com/index.php/journal/article/view/194
Section
PART ІІІ. HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY