FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF ZEMSTVO MEDICINE IN UKRAINE AT THE END OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY

  • Lina Melnichuk
Keywords: zemstvos, zemstvo medicine, sanitary and hygiene, hygiene, zemsky doctor, sanitary organization, gubernia, county, provincial congress

Abstract

The article considers the process of formation and development of zemstvo medicine and sanitary and hygienic business in Ukraine at the end of the XIX century. The main periods of this process and its significance in the history of domestic medicine are investigated. In the conditions of the Russian Empire, every concession in the direction of improving and disseminating medical care to the population had to conquer in a long struggle. In the period 1870-1890's in Ukrainian provinces intensified medical activities, in particular sanitary and anti-epidemic. She played an important role in the organization of more effective medical care for the rural population. A significant role in improving the sanitary state of the provinces was played by the creation of a sanitary organization, the establishment of the first medical and food items in Ukraine. Subsequently, the congresses of doctors in all Ukrainian provinces began to play an important role in the development of medical matters. They were assigned the task - to help zemstvos find the most rational ways to build an effective system of medical care.

References

1.Bessalov, V. S. & Koval', A. A. (1980), 100-letie sanitarno-epidemiologicheskoy sluzhbe, Itogi i perspektivy issledovaniy po istorii meditsiny [red. Yu.P.Lisitsyn, G.R.Kryuchko], Meditsina, Tashkent, 762 s.

2.Grando, A. A. (1954), Iz istorii razvitiya obshchestvennoy meditsiny na Ukraine // Ocherki istorii meditsinskoy nauki i zdravookhraneniya na Ukraine [pod red. B.P.Petrova, V.D.Bratusya, K.F.Duplenko], Gosmedizdat USSR, Kiev, S.130-149.

3.(1886), Doklad 2-y komissii X s''ezda vrachey i chlenov uprav po voprosu ob organizatsii meditsinskoy chasti v Khersonskoy gubernii i ob instruktsii sanitarnym vracham, Sbornik Khersonskogo zemstva, №5, S.5-11.

4.Zabludovskiy, P. E. (1956), Meditsina v Rossii v period kapitalizma. Moskva: Gosmedizdat, 150 s.

5.Ihumnov, S. M. (1940), Narys zemskoi medytsyny v huberniiakh, shcho vviishly do skladu URSR, v Bessarabii ta Krymu, Vyd-vo Kyivskoho medychnoho instytutu, Kyiv, 62 s.

6.Ihumnov, S. M. (1957), Narys rozvytku zemskoi medytsyny na Ukraini, Materialy do istorii rozvytku okhorony zdorov’ia na Ukraini [pid red. K. F. Duplenko], Kyiv, 387 s.

7.Kagan, S. S. (1965), K stoletiyu zemskoy meditsini na Ukraine // Ocherki istorii russkoy obshchestvennoy meditsiny, Gosmedizdat, Moskva, S.82-92.

8.Karpov, L. N. (1964), Zemskaya sanitarnaya organizatsiya v Rossii, Medgiz, Leningrad, 123 s.

9. Kedrov, P. I. (1902), Usloviya truda i zhizni nizshego meditsinskogo personala v Rossii, Literaturnomeditsinskiy zhurnal doktora B.A.Oksa, San-Peterburg, 92 s.

10. (1901), Koloniya dlya dushevnobol'nykh. V kn.: Sistematicheskiy svod postanovleniy i rasporyazheniy Poltavskogo gubernskogo zemstva za vtorye chetyre trekhletiya (s 1883 po 1894 gg.), Vyp. 2, Razd. 212 «b», Poltava, S.571-573.

11. Korchak-Chepurkovskiy, A. V. (1893), Materialy dlya istorii zemskoy meditsiny v Bessarabskoy gubernii, Kishinev, Vyp. І, 158 c.

12. Korchak-Chepurkovskiy, A. V. (1905), Nashi obshchestvenno-sanitarnye nuzhdy nastoyashchego vremeni, Trudy Obshchestva Kievskikh vrachey s prilozheniem protokolov za 1904-1905 g., Kiev, T. VІІІ, Vyp. ІІ, S.1-23.

13. (1883), Lechebnitsa dushevnobol'nykh v Poltave (O nachale stroitel'stva lechebnitsy dushevnobol'nykh v Poltave na osnovanii postanovleniya XVII ocherednogo gubernskogo zemskogo sobraniya ot 9 oktyabrya 1881 goda), Otchet Poltavskoy gubernskoy zemskoy upravy za 1882 god, Poltava, S.183-191.

14. Mal'tsev, A. F. (1889), Obzor deyatel'nosti Poltavskoy gubernskoy zemskoy lechebnitsy dlya dushevnobol'nykh za 1887-1888 gody, Poltava, 68 s.

15. Mal'tsev, A. F. (1890), Obzor deyatel'nosti Poltavskoy gubernskoy zemskoy lechebnitsy dlya dushevnobol'nykh za 1889 gody, Poltava, 75 s.

16. Mal'tsev, A. F. (1895), Obzor deyatel'nosti Poltavskoy gubernskoy zemskoy lechebnitsy dlya dushevnobol'nykh za 1890-1894 gody, Poltava, 54 s.

17. Mal'tsev, A. F. (1896), Obzor deyatel'nosti Poltavskoy gubernskoy zemskoy lechebnitsy dlya dushevnobol'nykh za 1895 god, Poltava, 118 s. s tabl.

18. Mal'tsev, A. F. (1897), Obzor deyatel'nosti Poltavskoy gubernskoy zemskoy lechebnitsy dlya dushevnobol'nykh za 1896 god, Poltava, 158 s.

19. Mal'tsev, A. F. (1898), Obzor deyatel'nosti Poltavskoy gubernskoy zemskoy lechebnitsy dlya dushevnobol'nykh za 1897 god, Poltava, 187 s.

20. Mal'tsev, A. F. (1903), Obozrenie sanitarnykh usloviy i vrachebnogo dela v Poltavskoy gubernii za pervoe stoletie ee sushchestvovaniya s 1802 po 1902 gg., Doklad 5-mu s''ezdu predstaviteley zemstv i zemskikh vrachey Poltavskoy gubernii, Poltava, 29 s.

21. Mal'tsev, A. F. (1919), Ukhod i prismotr za dushevnobol'nymi v bol'nichnoy obstanovke, Posobie dlya palatnogo personala psikhiatricheskikh uchrezhdeniy, Poltava, 94 s.

22. Mal'tsev, A. F. (1905), Uchebnik psikhiatrii (Posobie dlya uchashchikhsya fel'dsherskikh shkol), Poltava, 259 s.

23. Mal'tsev, A. F. (1907), Farmakologiya dlya pomoshchnikov vrachey i uchashchikhsya, Poltava, 142 s., Prilozh.: 13 s.

24. (1878), Obzor sostoyaniya meditsiny za 1877 g. v uezdakh Khersonskoy gubernii, Kherson, 110 s. 25. Panchenko, P. P. & Melnyk, Yu. F. & Verhunov, V. A. (2007), Ahrarna istoriia Ukrainy, Navchalnyi posibnyk, Prosvita, Kyiv, 532 s.

26. (1888), Po povodu otnosheniya zemstva k postanovleniyam s''ezdov zemskikh vrachey, Zemskiy vrach, № 1, S.2-4.

27. Polozhenie o gubernskikh i uezdnykh zemskikh uchrezhdeniyakh ot 1 yanvarya 1864 goda, Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy Imperii. Sobranie, Otd. I, T. 39, № 40457, S.1–10.

28. (1874), Protokoly s''ezda zemskikh vrachey Khersonskoy gubernii, Kherson.

29. (1877), Khersonskoe gubernskoe zemskoe sobranie. Sessiya vosemnadtsataya (22-31 oktyabrya 1876 goda), Izd. zemstva, Kherson, 851 s.

30. Zemska medytsyna v Ukraini. Medychnyi portal «Zdorov’ia Ukrainy», URL: http://healtha.com/articles/1709.

31. Luk’ian Maryna. Zemska medytsyna v Ukraini, URL: https://www.health-ua.org/faq/shkolazdorovya/2805.html.

Author Biography

Lina Melnichuk

Melnichuk Lina Volodymyrivna – Candidate of History, assistant professor of the State University of Telecommunications

Published
2018-04-12
How to Cite
Melnichuk, L. (2018). FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF ZEMSTVO MEDICINE IN UKRAINE AT THE END OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. Scientific Notes on Ukrainian History, (43), 90-97. Retrieved from https://snouh.com/index.php/journal/article/view/14
Section
PART І. HISTORY OF UKRAINE