Peculiarities of the Soviet sanitary policy in a big industrial city: on the example of Kharkiv (1943–1991)

  • Vadym Ilyin chair assistant of the department of social sciences of KhNMU.
Keywords: Soviet Kharkiv, history of healthcare, months of cleanliness, civil sanitary inspectors, emergency anti-epidemic commissions

Abstract

The aim of the article is identifying peculiarities of the Soviet sanitary policy which at the same time reveal some essential features of the Soviet system itself. It is defi ned that mass measures on a sanitary cleaning of Kharkiv in the period of post-war recovery refl ect planning and mobilizing features of the Soviet system. At the same time specifi ed measures coincided with the civil initiative in that direction. It is explained that a choice of authorities in favor of a cheap mass preventive measures for the elimination of infectious diseases as well as weak anti-pollution equipment of industrial enterprises, was caused by priority funding of the heavy industry which growth barely covered the expenditure of resources. It is found that sanitary cleaning of the city for a long period was carried out in conditions of a partial vacuum in a legislation of the USSR. In such situation the activities of sanitary doctors often have been represented by cases of negligence, fraud and corruption.

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Published
2017-09-02
How to Cite
Ilyin, V. (2017). Peculiarities of the Soviet sanitary policy in a big industrial city: on the example of Kharkiv (1943–1991). Scientific Notes on Ukrainian History, (38), 123-130. Retrieved from https://snouh.com/index.php/journal/article/view/132
Section
PART І. HISTORY OF UKRAINE