The population of Old Rus’ town Zhelny after craniological materials.

  • Yuri Dolzhenko junior researcher at the Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine.
  • Oleksandr Pryadko Head of the Scientifi c and Research Segment of the National Historical and Ethnography Reserve «Pereyaslav».
Keywords: craniometry, anthropology, archeology, Zhelny

Abstract

In the article, the history of the investigation of ancient settlement and burier of Zhelny annalistic town has been reviewed. Human remains buried in Zhelny in XI–XIII c. have been analyzed. Contrastive analysis of morphological complexes of this sample has been conducted mainly with Slavonic population of X–XIV c. Eastern Europe. It has been determined that the connection between male dolichocranial series Zhelny and the village of Galych, Novogrudka and Dregovychi collecting group is traced. According to the classifi cation of the skulls the sample of Zhelny belongs to dolichocranial middle-face type where also Northerners, Radymychi, Dregovychi, Smolensk and Tver kryvychi belong. According to the typology of V.D. Diyachenko male sample is similar to neo Pontic variant of Pontic type. According to the data of craniometry studied female mezocranial sample is statistically close to Kyiv Polyany women, Kryvychi and the skulls from Novogrudka region that are equated to Dregovychi. According to the scheme of T.A. Rudych male series belongs to mezocranial with average width of face type where also Kyiv Polyanys refer.

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Published
2016-05-10
How to Cite
Dolzhenko, Y., & Pryadko, O. (2016). The population of Old Rus’ town Zhelny after craniological materials. Scientific Notes on Ukrainian History, (38), 3-22. Retrieved from https://snouh.com/index.php/journal/article/view/117
Section
PART І. HISTORY OF UKRAINE